Lung Cancer Awareness Month
November is Lung Cancer Awareness Month.
People who smoke are at highest risk for developing lung cancer, but nonsmokers are also at risk. Lung cancer is the number one cancer killer of women, surpassing breast cancer and other female cancers. Learn the signs and symptoms.
Common signs and symptoms of lung cancer include:
- A cough that doesn't go away and gets worse over time
- Constant chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- Shortness of breath, wheezing or hoarseness
- Repeated problems with pneumonia or bronchitis
- Swelling of the neck and face
- Loss of appetite or weight loss
These symptoms may be caused by lung cancer or by other conditions. It is important to check with a doctor.
Understanding Lung Cancer
Cancers that begin in the lungs are divided into two major types, non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer, depending on how the cells look under a microscope. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in different ways and is treated differently.
Nonsmall cell lung cancer is more common than small cell lung cancer, and it generally grows and spreads more slowly. There are three main types of non-small cell lung cancer. They are named for the type of cells in which the cancer develops: squamous cell carcinoma (also called epidermoid carcinoma), adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.