Counting Carbs? Here’s How
Counting carbohydrates is one way to manage your
blood glucose level. It helps you plan meals wisely.
Here are a few tips for carb counting:
Set a maximum amount of carbohydrates for
each day. Your doctor can help you decide
what your goal should be.
Read the labels on your food. For those
without labels, estimate. A small piece of
fruit or a half cup of a starchy vegetable has
about 15 grams of carbohydrate.
Write down how many carbs you eat at each
meal and snack. Adjust your meals as
necessary to stay at your goal.
Get more carbohydrate-counting tips at
Five Factors that Raise
Your Blood Sugar
Diabetes occurs when your blood sugar levels are
too high. Lowering your blood sugar will help
keep you healthy. Here are fve factors that can
raise your blood sugar and what you can do to
Stress hormones can increase your blood
sugar. Exercising regularly* can help reduce
stress. Breathing deeply for fve to 20 minutes, at
least once a day, can help you relax.
Even a cold can afect your blood sugar
levels. Call your doctor as soon as you get sick.
Eating too many carbohydrates
raises blood sugar. Know how many carbs you
can eat. Track how many you eat every day to
stay within your limit.
Any type of exercise,* whether it’s
walking or dancing, can help lower blood sugar.
Aim for 30 minutes of exercise fve days per week.*
Being overweight increases your
risk for diabetes, but following a weight-loss plan
can help. Losing just 10 to 15 pounds can lower
blood sugar levels.
Foot care should be a priority for every person
with diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk for
nerve damage. This can cause a loss of feeling in
the feet. Diabetes also can afect circulation.
Those two conditions can lead to foot problems,
like sores, infections, fractures and other injuries.
If a foot injury leads to infection, amputation
might be necessary down the road.
You should have your feet examined by your
personal care physician (PCP) at every visit. And
you should call your PCP if a cut, sore, blister or
bruise on your foot doesn’t begin to heal after a
day. Your PCP will help you keep your best foot
When to Visit Your PCP for Foot Care
Get a FREE copy of a foot care guide at
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