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increased their chances of having prediabetes.
Besides being overweight, having a family
member with diabetes also increases a
person’s odds. People with high blood
pressure and high cholesterol are also at risk.
Q:
What health problems can
prediabetes cause?
A:
If someone has prediabetes, they are five to 15
times more likely to get diabetes. They are
also at higher risk for heart disease and stroke.
Diabetes can cause blindness, kidney disease,
heart disease, skin problems, nerve damage
and other serious issues. Some of these
problems can begin in the prediabetes stage.
Q:
What can they do to prevent getting
diabetes?
A:
The most important treatments for prediabetes
are exercise and weight loss. They should aim
to reach their ideal body weight, but just
losing 10 to 15 pounds can reduce their risk.
They should also aim to get 30 minutes of
exercise at least five times per week. Choosing
healthy foods, such as more servings of fruits,
vegetables and whole grains is important.
Q:
Someone in my family has
prediabetes. What does this mean?
A:
When a person has prediabetes, their blood
glucose levels are high. However, they are not
quite high enough to say they have diabetes.
About one in 10 people with prediabetes will
get Type 2 diabetes within three years.
It can be scary to hear this kind of news from
a doctor. But they’re not alone. About one in
three U.S. adults has this condition.
Q:
Why is this condition so common?
A:
The modern American lifestyle now involves
less movement and more high-calorie foods.
This has made more of us overweight and
obese. Being heavy is a risk factor for
prediabetes. So is not exercising.
Q:
If they have no symptoms, how
does their doctor know they have
prediabetes?
A:
Prediabetes often does not have any signs. In
fact, many people don’t know they have it.
Their doctor probably tested their blood
glucose because they had several factors that
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Health Chronicle
newsletter is part of HAP’s overall program to help members improve their health by offering practical suggestions
for living with chronic conditions. To provide suggestions on improving our programs, call HAP’s CareTrack
TM
program toll-free at
(800) 288-2902.
The information in this publication does not change or replace the information in your HAP Subscriber Contract, Group
Health Insurance Policy, Riders or Handbooks and does not necessarily reflect the policies or opinions of HAP, its officers or board of
directors. The information is for general educational purposes and is not a substitution for the advice of your doctor. You should
consult your HAP personal care physician for your health care needs. HAP does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national
origin, age, religion, sex or mental or physical disability in its employment practices or in the provision of health care services.
*For most people, beginning a light, low-intensity workout program is safe. However, if you are new to exercising, have been inactive
for an extended period of time, have any medical issues or are looking to start an intense exercise program, you should speak to your
doctor first.
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DIABETES