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Be Keen About Ketoacidosis
Ketoacidosis may not be a household name. But it’s a word people with diabetes should get to know. This complication usually occurs in people with Type 1 diabetes. Still, it’s also a concern for people with Type 2 diabetes.
Ketoacidosis can be serious. So when it occurs, it’s important to recognize the warning signs and take action immediately. Here are the key facts you need to know.
What It Is
The body requires insulin to use glucose in the blood for energy. When there isn’t enough insulin, the body starts to burn fat for energy instead. Fat burning creates waste products called ketones. They can build up in blood and show up in urine. Having high levels of ketones in the body creates ketoacidosis. This condition afects people of all ages. In fact, a study in Pediatrics found that it signals Type 1 diabetes in about 30 percent of children with the disease.
Spot the Warning Signs
You can check your ketone level at home with a simple urine test. Ask your doctor about it. You might be instructed to test for ketones if your blood glucose level rises above 300 mg/dl. You also may need to test for it if you develop symptoms. Early symptoms include:
●● Dry mouth
●● Frequent urination
Signs that could mean it’s getting worse include:
●● Constant fatigue
●● Flushed or dry skin
●● Fruity-smelling breath
●● Difculty breathing
●● Nausea, vomiting or stomach pain
●● Confusion or foggy thinking
If you develop these symptoms, call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room. Left untreated, ketoacidosis could lead to coma or even death. Fast action is needed to avoid serious problems and get diabetes back under control.
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