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Quick-Relief or Rescue Medication
When to use it: Reach for your rescue medication when you feel asthma symptoms starting. This includes wheezing, chest tightness or shortness of breath.
What it does: Quick-relief medicine helps you when your asthma suddenly gets worse. It works right away to give you relief from symptoms. You should always have this medicine with you. It helps treat an asthma attack. One commonly used quick-relief medication is an inhaled short-acting bronchodilator. It relaxes muscles that have tightened around your breathing tubes, or airways. Once your airways open, you can breathe easier. Rescue medications are not intended for everyday use.
When to use it: Take controller medication every day, even if you feel fne.
What it does: Controller, or maintenance medication, is for people with mild to severe asthma. The medication works slowly over time to put a stop to symptoms. It also can help prevent asthma attacks and permanent damage to your lungs.
Clearing Up Confusion About Common Asthma Medications
To feel your best, it’s important to keep up with your asthma medication. If your physician has prescribed more than one, you may feel confused about which to take and when. Use this guide to make the right choices.
There are many types of long-term-control medicines:
●● Preventive bronchodilators keep muscles relaxed so that you can breathe easier. They include theophylline tablets and inhaled long-acting beta2-agonists.
●● Anti-infammatory medications stop or control swelling in your airways. When airways are clear, they are less likely to react and produce symptoms. Some anti-infammatory medicines available are cromolyn, nedocromil, leukotriene modifers and inhaled corticosteroids.
●● Omalizumab works by attaching to one of the antibodies that trigger allergic asthma attacks. It is an injection given twice monthly.
It’s important to know the diference between overexertion and exercise-induced asthma. It can help you prevent asthma attacks during exercise.
An exercise-induced asthma attack usually starts fve to 20 minutes after exercise begins. Attacks
also can occur fve to 10 minutes after exercise ends. Watch out for coughing, wheezing, chest pain or tightness, and other attack symptoms. If they start, stop exercising and immediately use prescription quick-relief medicine.
When Asthma Acts Up During Exercise